CAN with flexible data rate (CAN FD) overcomes the limitations of the classical CAN bus in terms of data transfer rate. In practice the data throughput of CAN FD is six times higher than classical CAN, depending on the network topology.
FlexRay was invented at the beginning of this century to be able to implement an appropriate bus system for security-critical applications. It enables deterministic time responses and is designed to be redundant.
MOST (Media Oriented System Transport) was introduced at the beginning of this century to simplify the integration of infotainment ECUs into the vehicle thanks to its special communication mechanisms and high data rates.
In the 1990s, the K-Line was one of the first ways of accessing ECUs in completed vehicles. This is why it was stipulated in the first OBD standards and has been in use ever since. Today, it is being replaced in new projects by CAN.
With Ethernet, a standard that has been used successfully for years now in networking is currently being introduced to automotive electronics. In addition to inexpensive components, a major advantage is the extremely high bandwidth.